‟Ex igne vita”
7.1: Unicode format control characters are no longer stripped from ECMAScript source text before processing. In Edition 5, if such a character appears in a StringLiteral or RegularExpressionLiteral the character will be incorporated into the literal where in Edition 3 the character would not be incorporated into the literal.
7.2: Unicode character <BOM> is now treated as whitespace and its presence in the middle of what appears to be an identifier could result in a syntax error which would not have occurred in Edition 3
7.3: Line terminator characters that are preceded by an escape sequence are now allowed within a string literal token. In Edition 3 a syntax error would have been produced.
7.8.5: Regular expression literals now return a unique object each time the literal is evaluated. This change is detectable by any programs that test the object identity of such literal values or that are sensitive to the shared side effects.
7.8.5: Edition 5 requires early reporting of any possible RegExp constructor errors that would be produced when converting a RegularExpressionLiteral to a RegExp object. Prior to Edition 5 implementations were permitted to defer the reporting of such errors until the actual execution time creation of the object.
7.8.5: In Edition 5 unescaped “/” characters may appear as a CharacterClass in a regular expression literal. In Edition 3 such a character would have been interpreted as the final character of the literal.
In Edition 5, indirect calls to the
eval function use the global environment as both the variable environment
and lexical environment for the eval code. In Edition 3, the
variable and lexical environments of the caller of an indirect
was used as the environments for the eval code.
In Edition 5 all methods of
are intentionally generic. In Edition 3
were not generic and would throw a
exception if applied to objects that were not instances of Array.
10.6: In Edition 5 the array indexed properties of argument objects that correspond to actual formal parameters are enumerable. In Edition 3, such properties were not enumerable.
In Edition 5 the value of the [[Class]] internal property of an
arguments object is
In Edition 3, it was
This is observable if
is called as a method of an arguments object.
for-in statements no longer throw a TypeError if the
expression evaluates to null or undefined. Instead,
the statement behaves as if the value of the expression was an
object with no enumerable properties.
In Edition 5, the following new properties are defined on built-in
objects that exist in Edition 3:
15: Implementations are now required to ignore extra arguments to standard built-in methods unless otherwise explicitly specified. In Edition 3 the handling of extra arguments was unspecified and implementations were explicitly allowed to throw a TypeError exception.
15.1.1: The value properties NaN, Infinity, and undefined of the Global Object have been changed to be read-only properties.
18.104.22.168. Implementations are no longer permitted to restrict the use of eval in ways that are not a direct call. In addition, any invocation of eval that is not a direct call uses the global environment as its variable environment rather than the caller’s variable environment.
The specification of the function
no longer allows implementations to treat Strings beginning with a
character as octal values.
In Edition 3, a TypeError is thrown if the second argument
is neither an array object nor an arguments object. In Edition 5,
the second argument may be any kind of generic array-like object
that has a valid
In Edition 3 passing undefined or null as the first
argument to either
causes the global object to be passed to the indirectly invoked
target function as the this value. If the first argument is a
primitive value the result of calling ToObject on the primitive value is passed as the this value. In Edition 5, these
transformations are not performed and the actual first argument
value is passed as the this value. This difference will
normally be unobservable to existing ECMAScript Edition 3 code
because a corresponding transformation takes place upon activation
of the target function. However, depending upon the implementation,
this difference may be observable by host object functions called
call. In addition,
invoking a standard built-in function in this manner with null
or undefined passed as the this value will in many cases
cause behaviour in Edition 5 implementations that differ from
Edition 3 behaviour. In particular, in Edition 5 built-in functions
that are specified to actually use the passed this value as
an object typically throw a TypeError exception if passed
null or undefined as the this value.
In Edition 5, the
property of Function instances is not enumerable. In Edition 3, this
property was enumerable.
22.214.171.124: In Edition 5, the individual characters of a String object’s [[PrimitiveValue] may be accessed as array indexed properties of the String object. These properties are non-writable and non-configurable and shadow any inherited properties with the same names. In Edition 3, these properties did not exist and ECMAScript code could dynamically add and remove writable properties with such names and could access inherited properties with such names.
Date.parse is now
required to first attempt to parse its argument as an ISO format
string. Programs that use this format but depended upon
implementation specific behaviour (including failure) may behave
In Edition 5,
now additionally matches <BOM>.
In Edition 3, the exact form of the String value of the
property of an object created by the
constructor is implementation defined. In Edition 5, the String must
conform to certain specified requirements and hence may be different
from that produced by an Edition 3 implementation.
In Edition 3, the result of
need not be derived from the value of the RegExp object’s
property. In Edition 5 the result must be derived from the
property in a specified manner and hence may be different from the
result produced by an Edition 3 implementation.
126.96.36.199: In Edition 5, if an initial value for the
property of an Error object is not specified via the
constructor the initial value of the property is the empty String.
In Edition 3, such an initial value is implementation defined.
In Edition 3, the result of
is implementation defined. In Edition 5, the result is fully
specified and hence may differ from some Edition 3 implementations.
In Edition 5, the name
is defined in the global environment. In Edition 3, testing for the
presence of that name will show it to be undefined unless it is
defined by the program or implementation.